Testing whether carp can be located using Judas fish: a new behavioral tool to locate aggregating invasive fish so they might be tracked and/or removed
Project manager: Peter Sorensen
Funded by: Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources
Phase I Description: This project will develop techniques to locate aggregating carp using sterile, sexually active Judas fish to determine if sterilized carp can be rendered sexually active with hormone implants, and then perform proof-of-concept work in ponds, and the apply in the field. New sensory tools (e.g. sound playback) will be developed as needed to control the behavior and distribution of adults.
To remove highly mobile and invasive fish such as carp, we must know where they are. The Judas fish technique (tracking a few individual animals to find other members of their group) will be developed as a means to locate low numbers of Asian carp in Minnesota waters. This technique has been used with great success in other locations. The first step will be developing means to sterilize carp in collaboration with a veterinarian. Later, we will develop means to track them using radio-transmitters in rivers. Common carp will be our primary model but we will include work on Asian carp in the laboratory. After initial research, it was determined that this technique would not work well with males competing in the wild. Research is now focused on conducting experiments to determine how to fully feminize sterile fish instead.
Project start date: 2012
Project end date: 2016; Phase 2 -- Attracting carp so their presence can be accurately assessed -- to continue through 2018
Updates and progress:
- Invasive Bighead and Silver Carps Form Different Sized Shoals that Readily Intermix (Published paper)
- Male-typical courtship, spawning behavior, and olfactory sensitivity are induced to different extents by androgens in the goldfish suggesting they are controlled by different neuroendocrine mechanisms (Published paper)
- Promising new developments with Judas fish technology (MAISRC newsletter)
- Judas Fish technique closer to use with Asian carp (MAISRC newsletter)
- Researchers use 'Judas fish' to battle invasive carp (MAISRC in the news)
- 'Judas' fish could help wipe out Asian carp (MAISRC in the news)